How can we give up especially in the summer to a plate of pasta with pesto or imagine a caprese, an eggplant parmigiana , a pasta alla norma and many other dishes without basil ?
Moreover we find that the basil for flavoring foods , feeds , and has many beneficial properties .
It ' full of essential nutrients
The fragrant fresh basil, offers a good dose of vitamin K , which is essential in maintaining the correct levels of blood clotting factors .
Two tablespoons of chopped fresh basil provide 27% of the daily requirement , as well as vitamin A, manganese and magnesium.
It has many antioxidants, and is rich in iron, calcium , vitamin A, fiber , tryptophan, vitamin B6, vitamin C and potassium.
Basil is well known for its anti -inflammatory properties. eugenol contained in it blocks the enzymes in the body that cause swelling. This is the reason why basil is used for the treatment of people suffering from arthritis. The Basil also reduces bad cholesterol .
It protects the body from premature aging .
This has been demonstrated in the course of a study conducted in India. During the study, the researchers found that basil was effective in protecting the body against free radicals . Free radicals can cause significant damage to the body.
The research study was conducted at the College of Pharmacy, Pune , Maharashtra, India conducted by Dr Vaibhav Shinde . The study results were presented at the British Pharmaceutical Conference in Manchester and validates the traditional use of the plant as an anti-aging substance in the Ayurvedic system of medicine .
Basil is found to have a potential chemo - protective for colon cancer . According to a study , plays a significant role in reducing colon cancer . Antioxidants help prevent many of basil types of cancer, lowers blood pressure and induces sweating.
We feel exhausted after this summer? " The basil has anxiolytic effects ," says botanist James Duke , PhD , author of The Green Pharmacy . It contains phytochemicals that several studies confirm can lower cortisol, a hormone secreted when we are in tension.
On a hot day and tormented add 2 or 3 leaves ( per serving) in soaking in hot water to the tea to be consumed cold. Then a comfortable armchair ...
Basil works as as an adaptogen , enhances the body's natural response to physical and emotional stress , reduces the risk of many age-related mental disorders . The aroma of basil elevates mood , improves memory and strengthens the nervous system .
To cleanse our digestive system
If we have too abused to a barbecue in the garden or knocked off a few more cocktails , basil "helps to detoxify the liver ," says Elizabeth Trattner , a health worker in Bay Harbor , Florida. The morning after the excesses , prepare a good pesto purifying and , after consumption will go much better .
Clear skin blemishes
Basil oil helps fight bacteria that cause pimples , according to a study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science.
Try to fight the imperfections due to pimples : Boil a handful of fresh basil leaves in 1 cup of water for 10 minutes , let the liquid cool. Dip a cotton ball into the liquid , you can dab on problem areas , wait 10 minutes, then rinse with water , repeat once or twice a day.
You can also prepare with basil mask : Take some fresh basil leaves and put them in a blender. Stir the chopped basil leaves with egg white and sea salt. Rub the mixture on your face gently. Leave the mask on for about five minutes and rinse. Basil is very effective against ringworm and other skin diseases . It is also used for the treatment of leucoderma .
Basil is rightly called the "Queen of Herbs " for its benefits to the body, mind and soul . Some companies also call it the "Holy Basil " . These titles give us an idea about the usefulness of basil. Safe to use is really a good choice to include it in your daily diet .
The Mustard Seed
It ' a spice that we know and use to flavor various dishes, very tasty and as a sauce for boiled meats in general or to flavor rice salads.
In recent decades we see the spread in abundance to make delicious traditional Italian food is not as hot dogs , the burghers and different types of appetizers .
Sometimes we ask ourselves the question of whether is good for our health or we might bring some problems. To avoid any doubt we will see what are the main types of sauces made from sesame seeds that are found in the stores and their effects on our well-being .
The different types of sauces mustard
There are many species of mustard, but the most common are:
- White mustard ( Sinapis alba) ;
- Black mustard (Brassica nigra) ;
- Brown mustard (Brassica juncea ) ;
- Wild mustard ( Sinapis arvensis) .
In the market there are different types of prepared mustard and mustard-based , such as mustards .
You have to make a clarification : in France and England is indicated by the name mustard (respectively " moutarde " and " mustard " ) and the mustard plant that all derivatives prepared from its seeds , that is, the various and different sauces.
In Italy, however , the term mustard mean a totally different spicy preparation made of candied fruit dipped in a syrup flavored with mustard powder . Very popular in our country are the Mustard valance and the Cremonese.
Today , the vast majority of the sauces is produced industrially by the combination of various ingredients such as vinegar, flour , horseradish, honey , tarragon , molasses, pepper , soy sauce , garlic , capers , ginger , cream, juice , wine, pepper, salt and more.
Depending on the ingredients used , the various types of sauces mustard assume character sweeter or more spicy suitable for the matching to the most disparate culinary preparations and to meet the different tastes of consumers.
Among the most famous of mustard sauces are:
Dijon mustard : This variety has been the first to be regulated. Born in Dijon, France , and is made with brown seeds and / or blacks and verjuice (juice of unripe grapes ) , white wine , wine vinegar or a combination of all three. It has a bronze color from pale yellow and usually smooth consistency.
Mustard Bordeaux : Made with wort ( unfermented grape juice , wine) , yellow usually pale in color .
Beaujolais Mustard : Similar to Bordeaux, but made with different grapes that give a deep burgundy color .
Creole Mustard : brown mustard seeds are marinated in vinegar, ground and mixed with a bit of horseradish in a warm , spicy mustard .
Mustard Meaux : Also known as whole-grain mustard . Obtained from seeds of mustard colored crushed coarsely mixed with vinegar and spices.
German mustard : medium, medium- high spiciness , spicy and slightly sweet . It can range from smooth to rough , pale yellow to brown .
English Mustard : Made in both white and brown or black seeds , flour, and turmeric. Usually bright yellow spice with a very spicy .
Chinese mustard : Normally served as a dipping sauce for Chinese food . Made with mustard powder and water or wine mixed with a paste special .
Sweet mustard : includes a variety of mustard with honey. These pickles are sweetened with honey , syrup, molasses or sugar, and can start with a base of mustard seeds spicy or mild depending on personal tastes .
American Mustard : Also called the ballpark mustard or yellow mustard for its bright color, this milder mustard flavor is popular at stadiums as favorite condiment for hot dogs . It is made with white mustard seeds mixed with salt, spices and vinegar , usually with the addition of turmeric to enhance the bright color . This style was created in 1904 by George T. French as " cream salad mustard for " , and has become the standard for yellow mustard in America.
Mustard flavored : the addition of various single herbs , spices , vegetables and fruits result in such as horseradish mustard , chili, lemon , raspberry and blueberry flavored mustards also . There are literally hundreds to choose from with the only limit of the imagination.
A part of the property to add flavor to food and make it palatable , mustard seeds have always been known for their medicinal properties.
What compounds present in mustard seeds ?
Mustard seeds contain about 5 % water, 29% carbohydrates, 25 % protein , 23 % fat , 14% of dietary fiber and 4 % ash ; these instead the minerals : calcium and phosphorus in good quantities , magnesium, sodium , potassium, selenium , zinc and copper .
Regarding the vitamins we find the B1 , B2, B3 , vitamin C , E, K and J. Among the amino acids present in greater proportion than those we mention : aspartic acid and glutamic acid , alanine, arginine , phenylalanine, glycine , proline and valine .
Here are some of the best known health benefits :
It can help to control the symptoms of asthma : Mustard seeds are rich in selenium and magnesium. Both components give a unique anti- inflammatory activity . Consumed regularly, you know, helps to control the symptoms of asthma , colds and chest congestion .
It can help you lose weight : Mustard seeds are rich in B-complex vitamins such as folate , niacin, thiamine , riboflavin, etc. . In addition to all the individual merits of these compounds , which are effective for accelerating the metabolism and then the body weight.
It can slow down aging : Mustard is a great source of carotenes , zeaxanthin and lutein ( called flavonoids and antioxidants caretonoidi ) of vitamin A, C and K. All these components put together make the spice rich in antioxidants that slow the aging process
Protects against gastrointestinal cancer : Rich in phytonutrients, mustard seeds are a great way to prevent and slow the progression of tumors of the gastrointestinal tract . Studies have shown that the mustard seeds have properties that may limit the growth of cancer cells already present and prevent the formation of new tumors .
Relieves pain rheumatoid arthritic and muscle : The selenium and magnesium mustard have anti-inflammatory properties and produce heat. When applied to the body , pasta warms the area and helps to loosen the muscles , bringing relief from pain.
Lowers cholesterol : Mustard contains high levels of vitamin B3 or niacin . Niacin has ability to lower cholesterol and protects the arteries from atherosclerosis ( plaque buildup ) .
Also helps to regulate the blood flow and protects the body from hypertension .
It stimulates hair growth : For centuries mustard oil has been known to stimulate hair growth. E ' known to be rich in vitamins and minerals, but what makes the difference is the high amount of beta -carotene it contains. During the production of oil , beta- carotene is converted into vitamin A, which is excellent for hair growth . Besides this , it also contains iron , fatty acids , calcium and magnesium , which promote the growth of hair .
It helps to reduce constipation : and can relieve the symptoms of piles and fissures : The seeds contain a unique substance called mucilage which is a thick slimy substance that is the key to relieving constipation . Aside from that , it is also rich in fiber . Furthermore , mustard seeds are known to increase the production of saliva , leading to improved digestion .
Take a teaspoon of mustard seeds 2-3 times a day to relieve constipation .
Fights infections of the skin : Rich in sulfur mustard seeds are a great way to reduce infections of the skin. The sulfur gives the semi anti fungal and anti bacterial properties that help fight skin diseases more common.
Improves the immune system : the mustard has a large number of elementary minerals such as iron, manganese , copper, etc. , and helps to improve the body's resistance to disease.
Finally, always remember to use the mustard seeds in moderation.
For some strange reason , in Italy the dill is not much used in the kitchen , on the contrary , it seems that for some its aroma is not particularly welcome , in fact the stems and leaves , if broken , give off a very intense aroma and pungent , and the leaves , if you have eaten a spicy and sour, which may not be loved by all.
The Dill ( Anethum graveolens) is an aromatic plant annually, of the Umbelliferae family , native to the Middle East (India and Persia) .
The dill leaves have a fresh and spicy aroma with a scent reminiscent of fennel and anise : use of this plant is the leaves, the green-blue color , consisting of several thread-like leaves arranged regularly , the seeds .
Its essential oil has aromatic , refreshing , digestive and antiseptic properties.
In late summer the umbels are cut and left to dry in a shady place : then , fighting to cause the output of the seeds, which are kept separately in glass jars , sealed .
Dill in the kitchen using both the seeds that leaves especially in Scandinavian cuisine , which combines them to eggs , fish ( salmon) , shellfish and potatoes.
Italian cooking is used in salads, on potatoes boiled in marinades, in the sauce for fish, to flavor soups and stews and grilled meat, but is accompanied by a yogurt , sour cream and fresh cheese.
The seeds , very fragrant , they are ideal to flavor vinegar, and then preserves.
The compounds present nell'Aneto
The Dill contains numerous chemical plant -derived compounds that are known to be antioxidants, to prevent disease and with beneficial properties for health.
This popular herb contains no cholesterol and is low in calories. However, it contains many antioxidants , vitamins such as niacin , pyridoxine , etc. , and dietary fiber, which help to control cholesterol levels in the blood.
The Dill - leaves ( branches ) and seeds - contain many essential volatile oils as d- carvone , dillapiol , DHC , eugenol , limonene , terpinene and myristicin .
The essential oil , eugenol dill has been employed for therapeutic use as a local anesthetic - and anti- septic . Eugenol reduces the levels of blood sugar in diabetics. ( More detailed studies are needed to better define its role . )
The Dill oil , extracted from the seeds of Dill has anti -spasmodic , carminative , digestive , disinfectant and sedative .
It ' also rich in many vitamins , including: folic acid , riboflavin, niacin , vitamin A, beta -carotene , vitamin C , essential for optimal metabolism within the human body .
The vitamin A and beta -carotene are flavonoids natural antioxidants. The vit. A and is required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is essential to have a good view . Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids help the human body to protect against cancers of the lung and oral cavity .
The Dill is a good source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Copper is a cofactor for many vital enzymes , including cytochrome c- oxidase and superoxide dismutase ( other minerals that function as cofactors for this enzyme are manganese and zinc ) . Zinc is a cofactor of many enzymes that regulate growth and development, sperm generation , digestion and nucleic acid synthesis . Potassium is an important component of the cellular fluids of the body that helps control heart rate and blood pressure . Manganese is used by the body as a cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme , superoxide dismutase .
The dill in herbal medicine
The use dill in herbal medicine is not widespread in Italy , at least not as it is in the rest of Europe, is used for purposes similar to those for which the use of anise and fennel , and in particular with regard to problems due to nausea , indigestion, flatulence , bloating . To do this, you use both the fresh leaves , to be eaten during the meal to facilitate digestion, are the seeds , which are used in infusion , to prepare a tea aroma , very similar in taste to the tea of fennel.
As is the case for you, fennel, also you dill seed is used to aid sleep , especially in children , and to encourage the milk in lactating mothers .
The dill in the kitchen
Part of the credit for the rediscovery of the dill in the kitchen in Italy is due to the introduction in the 80s of consumption of smoked salmon, whose sweet taste and richness of fat goes well with the taste of sour and spicy dill ; in Indeed many Italians have come into contact with the dill for the first time in their lives , stopping for lunch in one of the famous centers for the sale of Swedish furniture , where the salmon is a fundamental part of almost every menu .
This herb is consumed fresh , possibly cut by little, because its flavors tend to fade quickly if the plant is dried , to have fresh dill for the whole year is recommended in autumn cut off a good amount , and place the chopped leaves in freezer, where the intense is preserved quite well, obviously thawed leaves are indicated only for hot dishes.
Possible adverse health effects
The side effect is dermatitis ! Here is the explanation of its side effect -
The fitofotodermatite is a phototoxic eruption following contact with photosensitizing compounds and long-wave ultraviolet light . The compounds are the most common phototoxic furocoumarins contained in a large variety of plants and is one of the Dill plants photosensitizers .