What is dysthymia? What are the causes, symptoms, treatments and therapy? Dysthymia (or dysthymic disorder) is a mood disorder that tends to have less gravity, but longer life compared to depression. This disorder can appear since adolescence in men than in women and occurs more frequently in the age group between 18 and 45 years. Dysthymia is considered a chronic disorder because symptoms recur daily and for a time generally exceeding two years. Has come to mean today in 2013, when the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has included in the chapter on depression.
Causes and symptoms
The causes are still largely unknown, although many doctors are agreed that some life experiences of dramatic may determine the onset of the disorder. Generally the base of dysthymia may be, however, causes biochemical, genetic predisposition or environmental factors. People with this disorder feel particularly sad and worried, irritated and restless. Suffering from loneliness, insomnia, appetite disorders and, in serious cases, suicidal tendencies manifest. Among the different types of depression, dysthymia, bipolar is one of the most particular conditions and difficult to diagnose. In this case, the patient alternate alternating phases of anxiety and depression, due to an imbalance of brain chemicals. In case of suspected dysthymia, doctors perform a variety of medical and psychological tests that include physical exams, laboratory and a careful psychological evaluation.
Care and Treatment
The main treatments for the treatment of dysthymia necessarily include the use of specific medications and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT). During this type of therapy, the person has to analyze the causes that triggered and aggravated the disease, evaluating and modifying their behavior. The psychiatric drugs most commonly used to treat dysthymia are the same used to treat other forms of depression. They mostly include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and monoamine oxidase (MAO). Some dietary supplements have proved particularly effective in the treatment of this psychiatric disorder. For example, St. John's wort may be useful in cases of mild to moderate depression, while taking omega-3 fats can be of great help when combined with antidepressant drugs.